Who Made The First Computer?

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Who Made The First Computer?

Who Made the First Computer?

 

 

Who made the first computer? The answer depends on how you define the term.

You can choose from a list of names such as Charles Babbage, Alan Turing, Zuse, Simjian, or others.

There are many different theories about the origin of the first computer, but the fact is that there was no one person who was responsible for the creation of the computer.

It was a collaborative effort between several people.

who made the first computer

Charles Babbage.


Some historians consider Charles Babbage the father of computing.

His Analytical Engine, a mechanical computer based on finite differences, foreshadowed the calculating power of modern computers.

It would perform any arithmetic operation and store numbers, as well as use sequential control and all of the basic computer elements.

The Analytical Engine was complex, though. Its memory unit would store 1,000 50-digit numbers, and the machine would run on steam, requiring only a single attendant to keep it running.

Charles Babbage was an English polymath who studied mathematics at Cambridge and became a Lucasian professor.

He was a prolific inventor, creating numerous calculating machines. His Difference Engine, for example, used punch cards to perform mathematical computations.

He eventually used the machine to demonstrate his idea to audiences. It would have had 25,000 parts and would have been 15 short tons and 2.4 meters tall.

Although he did not complete the design of the computer, his work inspired others to build computers that were based on mechanical computations.

Babbage’s prototype computer is still in use today. However, his original design was far more complicated than modern computers.

It required tolerances beyond the capabilities of then available technology.

As a result, there are fewer remnants of this machine today than it was when Babbage first presented his ideas.

His work, however, was widely recognized by reputable scientific institutions, and the British government halted funding for the Difference Engine after only two years.

In the early twentieth century, a German engineer named Konrad Zuse built a fully-functional analog computer called the Z3.

The machine, constructed in a home workshop, consisted of a slide rule, telephone relays, and mechanical parts.

Although this was the first computer, it shared honours with the differential analyser built by his brother James Thomson in 1876.

In this device, differential equations were solved by integrating with the use of discs and wheels.

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Who Made The First Computer?

Alan Turing.


Many people think Alan Turing created the first computer, but he didn’t.

While his “On Computable Numbers” paper published in 1936 was an important milestone for the computer age, his greatest contribution wasn’t mechanical.

Instead, it was his theory that real machines could use a set of 0s and 1s to do computations.

The idea for a computer was not new; Turing’s theories were popularized in the 1983 film “The Imitation Game,” which focused on the hardware side of computer creation.

The Turing Machine concept was developed by Alan, a British scientist, in 1936. The Turing Machine is the main abstract model of computation.

In the 1940s, Turing was part of a team decoding German communications.

During the war, the Germans used sophisticated, specialized machines to encode messages, and they were believed to be unbreakable.

After the war, Turing developed an electronic computer for the National Physical Laboratory.

The development of a machine based on stored-program logic is crucial for the success of modern computers.

Turing understood the practicality of large-scale electronics and the universality of computing.

He had worked with mathematics and code-breaking, and he saw that the machine could be one machine that could perform all tasks.

However, despite this early success, Turing suffered a tragic end due to his homosexuality.

While a number of computer scientists have followed Turing’s work, his greatest contribution to computer science was the Turing Test.

Designed to test whether a machine can simulate human speech, it is a fundamental part of artificial intelligence.

Although Turing’s work is still important today, he is perhaps best remembered for his seminal 1936 paper, “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” which was published in 1951.

After studying mathematics at Princeton University, Turing returned to Cambridge to work for an organization that specialized in breaking codes.

Turing’s ability to communicate ideas to people of any background led him to research in mathematics and computer science.

In 1936, Turing and William Ross Ashby founded the Ratio Club, a group dedicated to developing computers.

Although much of Turing’s work was still considered “secret” under the Official Secrets Act, the Turing Test proved to be instrumental in making computers possible.

Simjian

Simjian.


A century ago, a man named Luther Simjian invented what we now know as an ATM.

Simjian’s Bankograph computer included a microfilm camera to take a snapshot of each deposit and send it as a receipt to the customer.

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The invention was a revolution, and despite its revolutionary features, Simjian’s ATM was never commercially successful.

In fact, he sold over 2,000 machines to the US Army Air Corps.

The invention of the automated teller machine (ATM) was another of Simjian’s many innovations.

The ATM was designed to allow people to withdraw cash and deposit checks at any time of day or night.

After a half-year trial period, Simjian and his team decided that the ATM was not viable.

They said that most of its users were prostitutes and gamblers, and did not want to deal with tellers.

Thus, Simjian missed out on the fame and financial success that would have accompanied his creation. Before Simjian’s invention, computer science had not existed.

He intended to study medicine, but after receiving a job at the Yale Medical School’s photography lab, he changed his mind.

After earning his degree, he was able to develop methods for photographing specimens underwater and projecting microscopic images.

In the 1930s, Simjian moved to New York City, where he invented many other devices, including the color X-ray machine and the self-posing portrait camera.

After the invention of the ATM, Simjian continued to make inventions.

In the early 1900s, Simjian founded Reflection, a company in Stamford, Conn., and developed the ATM.

His company patented the Optical Range Estimation Trainer (ORET), which was later sold to British Aerospace.

Reflection is still in business today, making full flight simulators for military aircraft and other purposes.

In 1936, a young Simjian was fascinated with electronics. He spent his spare time in his backyard shed tinkering with electronics and developed expertise in electrical components.

Afterward, he joined IBM and began working on projects for the company, including the IBM PC.

One of the first programs Simjian made was for the IBM 1401 mainframe computer. These machines were the precursors to personal computers.

Zuse.

Zuse.


The first computer was invented in 1936 by German physicist Ernst Zuse.

He created a high-level programming language, Plankalkul, to simplify the task of solving equations. He was not the first to use a compiler or interpreter, however.

The machine he developed was called the Z4 and was installed in Zurich in 1950, making it the first commercial computer.

Today, computers are ubiquitous and are used for almost every task.

The Z4 was the most advanced of the Zuse computers and is still the only one to have survived the war.

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The Z4 was almost completed when Zuse moved it from Berlin to Gottingen.

The machine was moved to Gottingen, where it was installed in the Experimental Aerodynamics Institute. During the war, the town was under attack, so Zuse had to flee.

He took the Z4 to Hinterstein in Allgau/Bavaria, and from there, to Zurich, where he exhibited it until its destruction by the Red Army.

In 1936, Zuse began his work on the Z1 independently of other leading computer companies.

He worked in isolation from other leading companies for three years but gained government funding to build the Z2 computer.

The Z2 was an improved version of the Z1, using the same telephone relay technology as the original Z1.

The Z3 was completed in 1941, making it the first electromechanical computer. In fact, the German government helped fund the Z3’s construction.

While Zuse is credited with inventing the first computer, many claims that the Z1 was not the actual computer. In reality, it was a mechanical calculator.

The Z1 did not use vacuum tubes or relays.

It consisted of steel pins, flat metal plates, and a keyboard. It also had a digital memory store and a floating-point binary arithmetic logic unit.

In 1936, Zuse created the Z3, which was the first entirely automatic computer that read and executed programs.

It was used to calculate aerodynamics in aircraft design. The Z3 read programs from the punched films. It has a mechanical memory of 1024 words.

It also included a card reader and replaced film with punched cards. It also used conditional branching and address translation. It is the first computer still in use today.

 

 


 

 

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